Welcome to Alarm New England's business and home security page for Andover, Massachusetts. This informational page provides important crime data along with additional information for those living in or considering moving to Andover.
Number of Households: 12,169
ZIP Codes: 01810, 01812, 01899, 05501, 05544
Andover Business and Home Security Facts
Andover is rated safer than 83% of American cities, and ranked as one of the 100 safest cities in the country. Its violent crime rate is only 0.63 per 1,000, with property crime at 6.11 per 1,000.
In the early days of English colonization of North America’s east coast, the government of Massachusetts incentivized the expansion of their territory by offering tax-free land for three years to colonists willing to settle in peripheral areas and establish a firm English hold on the land. Located 23 miles north of Boston on the Merrimack River, Andover is one such town established by English settlers in 1642. Two hundred years later, residents in the northern part of the town decided that the trip to the town church for services was too long for everyone to comfortably travel there regularly, and the community eventually split in two in 1854, with North Andover forming its own town.
Like its more famous neighbor Salem and other New England communities, Andover was swept up in the witchcraft panic that enveloped the population and led to the infamous Salem Witch Trials in 1692. Almost 50 Andover residents -- more than from any other town -- were accused of witchcraft, with three eventually convicted and executed for the crime. Andover also had the most children accused of witchcraft, and the most confessed “witches,” perhaps pointing to the severity of the persecution and the high level of paranoia and hysteria brought on by witchcraft rumors.
Andover was heavily affected by the Revolutionary War. Hundreds of Andover residents served heroically in battles including at Bunker Hill. Additionally, those who didn’t take up arms volunteered to assist the war effort in various ways. Colonial towns came together to help by conserving resources and collecting supplies for the Union army. Memorial Hall, built in 1873 in Italianate and Neoclassical style, still serves as Andover’s public library as well as a memorial to local Civil War veterans.
After industrialization began changing the landscape of American towns, Andover became home to one of the first “industrial communities.” Much like in a company town, employees of the American Woolen Company lived in company-owned housing and used company-owned amenities. From 1922 until the 1940s, the self-contained “Shawsheen Village” housed the company’s headquarters, factories, employee housing, and community amenities, parks, and recreational facilities. In the post-war period, Andover suffered from deindustrialization and the textile industry shifted to synthetic materials, leading to the closure of the mill. Its buildings survive as a variety of housing and businesses.
Today, Andover is primarily a commuter suburb, with well-preserved historic homes and stunning fall foliage, while also retaining a share of local employment in science and technology firms. Top employers include Raytheon, Philips, and Pfizer.
The Addison Gallery provides an intimate space to view works by major American artists in a bucolic setting. This free museum focuses on 19th and 20th century American art and also features a variety of rotating contemporary exhibits. The Addison is located on the scenic campus of the Phillips Academy, notable as the oldest prep school in the country. Phillips also offers lodging in its 1930 inn.
For outdoor enthusiasts, Ward Reservation offers miles of trails and is an excellent place to observe fall foliage, nesting great herons, and sweeping views of the Boston skyline. Harold Parker State Forest and several other parks and trails round out Andover’s natural offerings. In nearby North Andover, Smolak Farms offers visitors the opportunity to learn about agriculture, pick their own fruit, and enjoy local specialties.
Andover was an important part of the Underground Railroad network, and several abolitionists in town made their homes available to fleeing slaves. Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, lived in Andover for several years at the height of her fame, after her hugely controversial novel had become an international success. During her time in Andover, she traveled to speak about her book and met with important leaders including President Lincoln and Queen Victoria.
Her presence in town was not without controversy, as some of the Stowes’ neighbors disliked the lively atmosphere and frequent visitors at the house. Regardless, Harriet and her husband are both buried in Andover. The house she shared with her family, which Harriet had a major role in remodeling, still stands, though it has been moved from its original location. It is currently on the campus of the Phillips Academy.
Contemporary celebrities born in Andover include Jay Leno and Michael Chiklis.